How achievement goals affect students’ well-being and the relationship model between achievement goals, academic self-efficacy and affect at school

Ariani, Dorothea Wahyu (2022) How achievement goals affect students’ well-being and the relationship model between achievement goals, academic self-efficacy and affect at school. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 14 (1).

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Purpose – This study aims to examine how students with different goals differ in their subjective well-being,
including academic self-efficacy (ASE) and affect at school (AAS). There are four goal orientations that
motivate students to achieve academic performance. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between
the four dimensions of achievement goals (AGs), ASE and AAS. It also examined five relationship models
between these variables.
Design/methodology/approach – This study was conducted using a survey method with a questionnaire
on 516 students at several private universities in Yogyakarta who have been studying for at least two years.
After testing the validity and reliability of the measurements, correlation testing was conducted to determine
the relationship between the two variables. Furthermore, testing of the five relationship models was conducted
using structural equation modeling (SEM) with a two-step approach.
Findings – The findings showed that each goal was directly related to students’ well-being with a diverse
relationship nature. Furthermore, mastery-approach goals (MApGs) were the types that most consistently have
a positive effect on students’ well-being. Also, performance-avoidance goals (PAvGs) consistently and
negatively affected students’ well-being, while performance-approach goals (PApGs) produced various
influences and relationships. In addition, mastery-avoidance goals (MAvGs) are among the four AGs that still
need to be studied, especially in educational settings. This is because they had no effect on ASE either directly
or indirectly.
Research limitations/implications – The limitation of this study was using cross-sectional data and selfreport
in data collection. Furthermore, the respondents were limited to private university students, and they
were few in number.
Practical implications – MApGs had a positive effect on ASE and AAS, while PAvGs can reduce ASE and
cause negative effects. Therefore, higher institutions in Indonesia need to provide a curriculum that can
increase students’ curiosity, creativity and involvement in the learning process. This will make them confident
in their abilities and have a positive attitude in school and the society. Also, this study showed that a PApG is
not a negative goal because it can increase students’ confidence in their abilities. This competency feeling needs
to be fostered because it encourages them to increase knowledge and learning content, as well as increase their
positive effects.
Originality/value – This paper addressed the need to understand how to generate and increase students’

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords Mastery-approach goals, Mastery-avoidance goals, Performance-approach goals, Performance-avoidance goals, Academic self-efficacy, Affect at school
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi > Program Studi Manajemen
Depositing User: Managemen UMBY
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2022 02:06
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 02:06

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